Ozempic (semaglutide) is a medication that is used to improve blood sugar control in adults with type 2 diabetes. It belongs to a class of drugs called glucagon-like peptide-1 (GLP-1) receptor agonists. These drugs work by mimicking the actions of a hormone called GLP-1, which is naturally produced by the body. GLP-1 helps to lower blood sugar levels by increasing insulin production and decreasing the amount of sugar produced by the liver.
Semaglutide is taken once a week, either by injection under the skin or as a once-weekly injection. It can be used in combination with other diabetes medications, such as metformin or sulfonylureas.
A number of clinical trials have been conducted to assess the effectiveness and safety of semaglutide in people with type 2 diabetes. One such study, published in the New England Journal of Medicine in 2016, found that semaglutide was more effective than placebo in reducing blood sugar levels, as well as reducing the risk of major cardiovascular events, such as heart attack and stroke. Another study, published in the Journal of Clinical Endocrinology and Metabolism in 2017, found that semaglutide was more effective than the diabetes medication dulaglutide in improving blood sugar control and reducing body weight.
In terms of potential side effects, semaglutide can cause nausea, diarrhea, and constipation. It can also cause a small increase in the risk of pancreatitis (inflammation of the pancreas), which is a rare but serious condition.
When it comes to diet, there is no specific diet that must be followed while taking semaglutide. However, as with any diabetes treatment, it is important to maintain a healthy diet that is high in fruits, vegetables, whole grains, and lean proteins, and low in saturated fat, sugar, and processed foods. Eating a balanced diet and maintaining a healthy weight can help to improve blood sugar control and prevent complications associated with diabetes.
In terms of foods to avoid, it is recommended to limit the intake of processed foods, high sugar, and high saturated fat intake, since these can negatively impact blood sugar control and overall health. Processed foods are often high in added sugars, saturated fats, and sodium, which can contribute to the development of diabetes and its complications. It is also important to limit the intake of added sugars, as they can contribute to weight gain and poor blood sugar control.
Additionally, it is important to avoid foods that are high in simple carbohydrates such as white bread, white rice, and pasta made from refined flour. These foods are quickly broken down into glucose, causing a rapid spike in blood sugar levels. Instead, choosing whole-grain alternatives that are high in fiber, such as whole wheat bread, brown rice, and quinoa, can help to regulate blood sugar levels.
Always remember to consult with a healthcare provider for
personalized advice and dietary guidelines while taking Semaglutide.
“Semaglutide.” MedlinePlus, U.S. National Library, medlineplus.gov/druginfo/meds/a607034.html
“Semaglutide (Ozempic).” Drugs.com, www.drugs.com/cdi/semaglutide.html
Questions and Answers: Foods to avoid while taking semaglutide
It’s best to limit sugar intake as Semaglutide is used to control blood sugar levels.
While fruits are healthy, it’s advisable to eat them in moderation due to their natural sugars, especially if you’re monitoring blood sugar levels.
Alcohol can affect blood sugar levels, so it should be consumed in moderation or avoided.
It’s best to limit high-fat foods to avoid gastrointestinal side effects and support overall health.
Yes, whole grains are a healthy choice as they have a lower impact on blood sugar levels.
A balanced diet with controlled carbohydrate intake is recommended, rather than strictly low-carb.
Yes, but choose low-fat or non-fat options where possible.
Yes, lean protein sources are beneficial and should be included in your diet.
Yes, processed foods often contain high levels of sugar and unhealthy fats.
Yes, but be mindful of portion sizes and the type of food you choose.
A diet high in fiber is recommended as it helps in blood sugar control.
Most vegetables are healthy, but starchy vegetables should be eaten in moderation.
Yes, but limit the addition of sugar and high-fat creamers.
They can be used in moderation but it’s best to consult with a healthcare provider.
Semaglutide is usually taken independently of meals, but follow your doctor’s advice.
Yes, but choose healthy snacks like nuts, seeds, or vegetables.
Yes, unless you experience gastrointestinal discomfort.
Yes, consistent meal times can help in better managing blood sugar levels.
It’s best to avoid these as they can significantly impact blood sugar levels.
Consult with your healthcare provider for personalized dietary adjustments.
Dr. Jenell Ruth Decker
Dr. Decker graduated from the Marshall University Joan C Edwards School of Medicine at Marshall University in 1996. She works in Pullman, WA and 3 other locations and specializes in Family Medicine. Dr. Decker is affiliated with Pullman Regional Hospital.